The task of politics is to be “regulating rooms” between the interests of finance and the society

The belief that the so-called European welfare state was an obstacle to the development of the modern market and that it was diverting considerable resources from the productive investment has proved to be inconsistent.

Recent experience shows that Europe would not have been able to sustain the impact of crises without its welfare system.

We have finally rediscovered that the economy must be at the service of people and not people at the service of the economy. It was also realised that John Mainard Keynes was not a reckless Marxist but a wise liberal.

The Nobel Prize winner for economics, Paul Krugman, explained that if we cannot eliminate the excesses of wealth, we must at least combat the excesses of poverty.

In a social system that constantly reproduces forms of economic exclusion in unprecedented ways, the marginalisation of ever-larger sections of the population, the dynamic, multiple and complex nature of poverty, and the fact that it consists not only of material and economic deprivation is even more evident.

The progressive decline of entire productive and territorial sectors, the impoverishment of social groups and professional classes that were considered immune to systemic crises, the intensity of the new cultural poverty, the precariousness characterising of the work relationships of our time are elements of profound social deconstruction by now.

Undoubtedly, the main crisis factors of post-industrial society have been addressed and interpreted on several occasions: the fiscal crisis of the State, the gradual disappearance of traditional social protection and self-sufficiency networks, the weakening of political representation models, the process of cultural disorientation and dispersal, and the significant global demographic turbulence. However, in post-modern society, an extra effort of vision and planning is required to avoid social disintegration, Darwinism between classes and the intensification of permanent conflicts that undermine the very foundations of civil society and the predictive and regulatory capacity of the socio-political system.

The State cannot limit its role to that of an external market supervisor.

The challenges of the structural changes currently underway require the State to exercise and define to the maximum its primary current active role within the market system, to assert the value of the goods and services it produces directly, to operate to protect the strategic assets of our system, to promote the growth of the so-called ‘common good’, belonging to individuals and communities, whose value is increasingly recognised by international bodies, starting with the United Nations’ Agenda 2030, which Italy has also approved and is committed to implementing.

Within the context of global development and structural change, a State presence directly engaged in producing goods and services would currently only make sense if it would promote new opportunities for profit and growth, based on a different balance between public and private consumption. Between quantity and quality of development. Between exclusion and social inclusion, both in production processes and in community life. Between flexibility and structural employment precariousness. Between valorisation and dissipation of human capital, especially youth capital.

Together with the impoverishment of large sections of society, the economic crisis has led to the progressive de-legitimisation of politics and, therefore, the institutions, which are considered inadequate to understand and manage the complexity and paths of epochal changes.

The task of politics, and consequently of the State and its institutions, is to be “regulating rooms” between the interests of finance and the market and the needs and expectations of the social body.

Politics and institutions will regain credibility when they can demonstrate they can govern processes rather than be governed.

In this context, analysing even the data just before the pandemic and the stalemate in the global economy, a marked inequality emerges in Italy in the labour market, which we could define as geographical.

The unemployment rate in Southern Italy in 2019 was 31.1%, a far cry from that of the Centre, 16.1%, and the North, 10.9%.

In addition to the geographical gap, there is also a gender gap. It is a gap highlighting discrimination between men and women within the labour market and a lack of a change of direction since the gap has remained unchanged in recent decades.

In the South of Italy, a young woman has a 6.4 % higher probability of not finding a job than her male peers. In 2019, the difference between women and men in labour force participation was 19.29 percentage points in the South, 8.8 percentage points in the Centre and 9.7 points in the North.

At times of persistent unemployment, it is perhaps helpful to recall John Maynard Keynes’s appeal to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933, during the ‘great crisis’: ‘Look after the unemployment, and the budget will look after itself’.

Forty years ago, in 1977, the American economist John Kenneth Galbraith published his famous book on “The Age of Uncertainty”, referring to the international situation created by the significant events of that period, such as the oil crisis and the crisis of the international monetary system.

More than forty years later, the word uncertainty is still relevant, but it has taken on very different meanings, especially for the future of the European system.

As a matter of fact, the uncertainty and precariousness of our time are a structural phenomenon that primarily affects the values and organisation of contemporary society. It is a phenomenon that increasingly spreads its effects from the world of work to the economy, society, and European and national public institutions. Moreover, it is a phenomenon that affects ever-larger social groups and is increasingly taking on the characteristics of an existential crisis.

Young people precariously employed, workers with no job security, and families living in precarious conditions end up in a real crisis that is not far-fetched to define as an existential one.

It is from where we must start again to overcome pretences and rhetoric and embrace a kind of civil progress worthy of its name that is based – as we are constantly told – on equitable and sustainable development.

Imagining such a corrective action for our systems calls for promoting new economic and social policy directions and, more than this, exercising specific moral, civic, and political responsibilities.

There is a possible future to be explored, which answers the question: where are we going?

But there is also an equally possible future to be built, which answers another, much more important question: what kind of future do we want to build? 



*Gian Maria Fara, President of Eurispes.



Ultime notizie
civil aviation

“Green flights”: the cooperation model between Italy and China in civil aviation

The participation in the video-conference by the ambassadors of the respective countries, Luca Ferrari for Italy and Li Junhua for China, is...
di Marco Ricceri*
civil aviation
aviazione civile

“Voli green”: il modello di cooperazione tra Italia e Cina nell’aviazione civile

La partecipazione alla video-conferenza degli ambasciatori dei rispettivi paesi, Luca Ferrari per l’Italia e Li Junhua per la Cina, è un indice...
di Marco Ricceri*
aviazione civile
turismo di lusso

Il turismo di lusso non conosce crisi ed è già ai livelli del 2019

Il turismo di lusso ha sofferto meno la crisi del 2020, per la possibilità di offrire esperienze esclusive e in condizioni di sicurezza lontane dall’affollamento del turismo di massa e dei voli low cost. Sembra infatti che il settore sia ritornato già ai livelli pre-pandemia del 2019.
di Roberta Rega
turismo di lusso
Unione europea

Piano nazionale di ripresa, strategie territoriali per massimizzare l’impatto degli interventi

Ue, per massimizzare l’impatto degli interventi è importante agire in modo strategico e coordinato dalla fase di programmazione a quella di attuazione, e contribuendo a rafforzare gli obiettivi di addizionalità propri della coesione, in particolare nelle aree marginali del nostro Paese.
di Claudia Bugno*
Unione europea

PNRR: un modello più snello di governance per l’Italia

Le sfide poste dal PNRR potrebbero segnare una svolta storica nell’accelerazione delle nuove politiche di sviluppo, come quelle relative alle transizioni verde...
di Claudia Bugno*

Obbligo vaccinale o sospensione, arriva la sentenza per i sanitari no-vax

Vaccino anti-Covid o sospensione nella impossibilità di essere ricollocati ad altra mansione che non comporti pericolo di contagio: la sentenza del Consiglio di Stato chiarisce la posizione legale nei confronti dei professionisti sanitari no-vax.
di Vincenzo Macrì
giochi pubblici

Giochi pubblici: “L’irresistibile convenienza della legalità”

Giochi pubblici, la tutela sostanziale della legalità non è affare solo dello Stato. Oltre alla chiarezza normativa, è necessaria partecipazione attiva dei concessionari e delle associazioni di categoria, quali soggetti danneggiati dal reato, ai procedimenti penali contro i gestori del gioco illegale e al fianco dell’Avvocatura dello Stato.
di Chiara Sambaldi e Andrea Strata*
giochi pubblici

Un fisco “predittivo” per facilitare la lotta all’evasione fiscale

La lotta all’evasione fiscale si fa anche grazie all’utilizzo di software predittivi, sulla base dei quali programmare le verifiche a “colpo sicuro”. La Guardia di Finanza guarda al futuro e investirà in tale direzione 32 milioni di euro su big data e cybersicurezza.
di Giovambattista Palumbo*
esame di stato

Generazioni sotto esame. Dalla maturità all’esame di Stato, che ne sarà della prova scritta?

L’esame di Stato, un tempo esame di maturità, continua a far discutere ministri dell’Istruzione e studenti su quale sia la formula migliore. Una formula che è cambiata negli anni, fino ad arrivare alla richiesta odierna di abolire la prova scritta fatta dagli studenti e non ancora smentita dal Ministero.
di Giuseppe Pulina
esame di stato
violenza di genere

Violenza di genere, omicidi e reati spia in aumento nel 2021

La violenza di genere è aumenta nei primi 11 mesi del 2021, sia per gli omicidi che per i reati spia di tali violenze. Secondo il report del servizio analisi della Polizia Criminale, su un totale di 263 omicidi volontari compiuti in Italia dal primo gennaio ad oggi, 109 hanno riguardato donne.
di redazione
violenza di genere