Eurispes survey: a year of Covid in Italy

covid

On February 21, 2020, exactly one year ago, the first Italian case of Covid-19 was officially identified in the Lombard village of Codogno, later referred to as “patient 1”. Since that day, in a general disbelief, the virus has rapidly spread in Italy and operating a radical change in lifestyle for Italian people.

Private housing has suddenly become the only safe place

The period of strict lockdown set up between March and May to contain the pandemic had a radical and enforced impact on Italian lifestyle. Private housing has suddenly become the only safe place, most shops were closed and, for the few open, with limited access – with very long queue especially in front of supermarkets – as well as schools, restaurants and gyms, all culture and entertainment sites were closed, often indefinitely.

Proximity to others has become a threat to be avoided as much as possible: it has been a year wearing face masks and social distancing, keeping a meter away prevented Italian people from hugging each other and from handshaking, but also took them away the pleasure of enjoying each other’s company, while they keep repeating themselves that “we will be back at hugging each other again”.

Therefore, consumption habits, way of working (with home working increasing), communication methods in everyday life and how people approach the Internet (becoming increasingly crucial and essential Italian people lives), the attitude towards information (pandemic insecurity has led to a surge in television ratings, especially for news and information programs) have forcibly changed.

Moreover, healthcare system has become a point of reference, permanently in the spotlight, between heroic behaviour and deep contradictions, within the framework of a Public Health System pushed close to collapse, revealing its values and weaknesses.

In order to explore, to allow Italians to raise their voice and to analyse how life in Italy has changed during this unprecedented year and what has been the impact on citizens, Eurispes has carried out a Survey on a sample of 2,063 citizens, representative of the Italian population.

The research was carried out through the direct administration of a semi-structured questionnaire, distributed between November 2020 and January 2021.

Consumption and new habits

The impact of the pandemic on consumption habits and lifestyles. 21.9% say they have ordered delivery (food items) for the first time since March 2020, which is right after the covid-19 pandemic exploded. Ordering dinner or other meals at home was already quite common (28.6% did so even before the pandemic), but since March 16.8% of the sample did it for the first time.

For the first time, 13.1% ordered home medicines, in order to avoid queuing at drugstores fearing contagion.

An increased use of new technological communication tools was observed: 45.2% already used to communicate with friends/relatives via video call; with the spread of the virus almost a third did it for the first time (30.7%). In this period, 11.1% of the sample purchased kitchen tools (food robots, bread machines, professional pots, etc.), in line with the boom of more or less last minute “amateur chefs” who spent their free time cooking and who, by doing so, compensated for not being allowed to go to the restaurant.

13.4% have purchased a subscription to streaming platforms (Netflix, Infinity, etc.) (36.3% already did it before). And finally, the decision to buy/rent home fitness equipment involved a not negligible rate of 14% (12.2% already bought/rent it before).

Despite the restrictions of the pandemic, e-commerce remains “unknown” for three out of ten

Delays in access to ultra-broadband networks in some areas of the Italian territory and the persistence of digital illiteracy in a not negligible part of the population (especially among the elderly), led as a result to a considerable percentage of people out of e-commerce: still 29.1% report never shopping online.

On the other hand, with varying intensity, shopping online is becoming the custom for many: 18.2% of the sample rarely shop online, 25.9% sometimes, while 16.3% often and 10.5%habitually.

Over-64s are the only age group in which those who never shop online prevail (59%).

Clothing, books, technologies items are those mostly purchased online

Items purchased online include: clothing (only a third, 33.7% never did so), books (34.5% never did so), technological equipment (36.2% never did so), household items (39.6% never did so), movies/TV series via platform (41.9% never did so). Products which are less online purchased are medicines (79.4% have never bought them online), beverages (71.5%), online courses (67.5%) and, in general, food (63.8%). Following the perfumery/beauty products (57.1% never buy them online).

A very large gap between the generations emerges in terms of online purchase of clothing: only 16.8% of 18-24 year olds do not, against 24.4% of 25-34 year olds, 27.3% of 35-44 year olds, 37.3% of 45-64 year olds, and 52.8% of over-64s, the only category in which non-buyers prevail. For technological equipment (TV, smartphones, tablets, etc.), for books, for audio-visual products, online buyers increase as the age decrease; in any case, there are fewer buyers among the elderly.

Ultime notizie
civil aviation
Ambiente

“Green flights”: the cooperation model between Italy and China in civil aviation

The participation in the video-conference by the ambassadors of the respective countries, Luca Ferrari for Italy and Li Junhua for China, is...
di Marco Ricceri*
civil aviation
aviazione civile
Rapporti

“Voli green”: il modello di cooperazione tra Italia e Cina nell’aviazione civile

La partecipazione alla video-conferenza degli ambasciatori dei rispettivi paesi, Luca Ferrari per l’Italia e Li Junhua per la Cina, è un indice...
di Marco Ricceri*
aviazione civile
turismo di lusso
Economia

Il turismo di lusso non conosce crisi ed è già ai livelli del 2019

Il turismo di lusso ha sofferto meno la crisi del 2020, per la possibilità di offrire esperienze esclusive e in condizioni di sicurezza lontane dall’affollamento del turismo di massa e dei voli low cost. Sembra infatti che il settore sia ritornato già ai livelli pre-pandemia del 2019.
di Roberta Rega
turismo di lusso
Unione europea
Economia

Piano nazionale di ripresa, strategie territoriali per massimizzare l’impatto degli interventi

Ue, per massimizzare l’impatto degli interventi è importante agire in modo strategico e coordinato dalla fase di programmazione a quella di attuazione, e contribuendo a rafforzare gli obiettivi di addizionalità propri della coesione, in particolare nelle aree marginali del nostro Paese.
di Claudia Bugno*
Unione europea
Economia

PNRR: un modello più snello di governance per l’Italia

Le sfide poste dal PNRR potrebbero segnare una svolta storica nell’accelerazione delle nuove politiche di sviluppo, come quelle relative alle transizioni verde...
di Claudia Bugno*
vaccino
Diritto

Obbligo vaccinale o sospensione, arriva la sentenza per i sanitari no-vax

Vaccino anti-Covid o sospensione nella impossibilità di essere ricollocati ad altra mansione che non comporti pericolo di contagio: la sentenza del Consiglio di Stato chiarisce la posizione legale nei confronti dei professionisti sanitari no-vax.
di Vincenzo Macrì
vaccino
giochi pubblici
Osservatori

Giochi pubblici: “L’irresistibile convenienza della legalità”

Giochi pubblici, la tutela sostanziale della legalità non è affare solo dello Stato. Oltre alla chiarezza normativa, è necessaria partecipazione attiva dei concessionari e delle associazioni di categoria, quali soggetti danneggiati dal reato, ai procedimenti penali contro i gestori del gioco illegale e al fianco dell’Avvocatura dello Stato.
di Chiara Sambaldi e Andrea Strata*
giochi pubblici
Fisco

Un fisco “predittivo” per facilitare la lotta all’evasione fiscale

La lotta all’evasione fiscale si fa anche grazie all’utilizzo di software predittivi, sulla base dei quali programmare le verifiche a “colpo sicuro”. La Guardia di Finanza guarda al futuro e investirà in tale direzione 32 milioni di euro su big data e cybersicurezza.
di Giovambattista Palumbo*
esame di stato
Istruzione

Generazioni sotto esame. Dalla maturità all’esame di Stato, che ne sarà della prova scritta?

L’esame di Stato, un tempo esame di maturità, continua a far discutere ministri dell’Istruzione e studenti su quale sia la formula migliore. Una formula che è cambiata negli anni, fino ad arrivare alla richiesta odierna di abolire la prova scritta fatta dagli studenti e non ancora smentita dal Ministero.
di Giuseppe Pulina
esame di stato
violenza di genere
Donne

Violenza di genere, omicidi e reati spia in aumento nel 2021

La violenza di genere è aumenta nei primi 11 mesi del 2021, sia per gli omicidi che per i reati spia di tali violenze. Secondo il report del servizio analisi della Polizia Criminale, su un totale di 263 omicidi volontari compiuti in Italia dal primo gennaio ad oggi, 109 hanno riguardato donne.
di redazione
violenza di genere